Cervical cancer screening is performed through analysis of a cytological smear or Pap test.
The procedure has been applied for over 40 years in Quebec and elsewhere in the world. It is most often offered to women by their family physician.
It is estimated that since the introduction of the procedure, the incidence of this type of cancer and mortality associated with it have decreased by over 70% in countries that have high screening participation rates.
The Pap test is performed by a medical professional who takes a small sample of cervical cells that are then examined under a microscope in order to detect abnormal changes prior to the development of cancer.
Here are some recommendations from the Institut de santé publique du Québec:
The human papillomavirus (HPV) family comprises several types of viruses. Some types of HPV are sexually transmitted. It is possible to catch more than one type of HPV during one’s lifetime.
Vaccination is effective against certain types of HPV. However, it does not protect against all HPV. You are therefore recommended to undergo the same screening if you have been vaccinated.
The vaccine is free to all girls in primary 4.
It is also possible to be vaccinated for free under the Quebec Immunization Program:
For more information on HPV, visit this Web site.
We invite you to contact our nurses at the Info-cancer Hotline who will be happy to provide you with further information and respond to any questions and concerns you may have. Call 1-800-363-0063, every day of the week from 9 am to 5 pm.